Flow production

The production system that Henry Ford introduced in 1913 at his plant in Highland Park, Michigan. 

Ford wanted to drastically reduce product lead time and human effort through a series of innovations. These included: 

  • Consistently interchangeable parts so that cycle times could remain stable for each operation within a line;
  • The line itself (i.e., the assembly line);
  • Process redesign where machines were arranged in process sequence so that parts flowed quickly and smoothly from one machine to another;
  • And a system for regulating the rate of production that ensured that the production rate of parts manufacturing was in line with the rate of consumption of parts at final assembly.  

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